“The founders could never imagine… the large population differences of the states that exist today ,” explains Edwards. If they happen to live in a state of population, you will have a broader say in the U.S. government. Exactly 200 years ago, the authors of the U.S. Constitution gathered at Independence Hall reached an extremely important agreement. Their so-called “Great Compromise” (or Connecticut compromise in honor of its architects, S.G.S. MPs Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut) offered a dual system of congressional representation. In the House of Representatives, each state would be allocated a number of seats relative to its population. In the Senate, all states would have the same number of seats. Today, we believe that this regulation is self-evident; in the summer of 1787 welk-hot, it was a new idea. The problem was referred to a commission made up of a delegate from each state in order to reach a compromise.
On 5 July, the Committee presented its report, which became the basis for the “great compromise” of the Convention. The report recommended that each state have the same voice in the House of Lords, and in the House of Commons, each state should have one representative for every 40,000 inhabitants,  slaves should be counted as three-fifths of one inhabitant and that the money bills should come from the House of Commons (not subject to a change by the upper chamber). Until July 16, the Convention had already set the minimum age for senators at 30 and the term at six, compared to 25 years for members of the House of Representatives for a two-year term. James Madison explained that these distinctions, based on “the nature of the confidence of senators, which requires a greater degree of information and character stability,” would allow the Senate to continue “with more freshness, with more system and with more wisdom than the popular branch [ly] chosen.” Madison believed that in the American states, this direct link between state leaders and judges was a source of corruption through guardianship and believed that the link between the two should be separated, thus creating the “third branch” of justice that, before this point, had no direct precedent. However, Madison did not believe that justice should be truly independent, but was accountable to the legislature and not to the executive branch. By insisting on the independence of the judiciary, Madison resigned from the articles of Confederation to create something completely new. At the convention, some sided with Madison to say that the legislative judge should elect, while others thought the president should elect a judge. Finally, a compromise was reached for the President to elect judges, and the Senate confirmed that.
The Connecticut compromise (also known as the Grand Compromise of 1787 or the Sherman Compromise) was an agreement between large and small states during the 1787 Constitutional Convention, which defined in part the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the U.S. Constitution. It maintained the bicameral legislation proposed by Roger Sherman, as well as the proportional state vote in the House of Commons or the House of Representatives, but required that the House of Lords or the Senate be weighted in the same way between states.