Treasury or treasury bonds, corporate and treasury bonds, government bonds and equities can all be used as “guarantees” in a repurchase transaction. However, unlike a secured loan, the right to securities is transferred from the seller to the buyer. Coupons (interest payable to the owner of the securities) that mature while the pension buyer owns the securities are usually passed directly on the seller of securities. This may seem counter-intuitive, given that the legal ownership of the guarantees during the pension agreement belongs to the purchaser. Rather, the agreement could provide that the buyer will receive the coupon, with the money to be paid in the event of a buyback being adjusted as compensation, although this is rather typical of the sale/buyback. The deposit market is an important source of money for large financial institutions in the non-deposit banking sector, which can compete with the traditional bank deposit sector in its size. Large institutional investors, such as money funds, lend money to financial institutions such as investment banks, either in exchange (or through secured guarantees), such as government bonds and mortgage-backed securities held by borrowing financial institutions. It is estimated that $1 trillion a day of guarantees are being implemented in U.S. pension markets.   There are three main types of pension transactions. There are a number of differences between the two structures.
A repo is technically a single transaction, while a sale/buyout is a pair of transactions (a sale and a purchase). The sale/purchase does not require specific legal documents, whereas a repo usually requires a master`s agreement between the buyer and the seller (usually the Global Master Repo Agreement (GMRA) mandated by SIFMA/ICMA). For this reason, there is an increase in the risk associated with Repo. If the counterparty were to become insolvent, the absence of an agreement could reduce the legal position on appeal. As a general rule, any coupon payment on the underlying warranty during the duration of the sale/buyback is returned to the purchaser of the guarantee by adjusting the cash paid at the end of the sale/purchase. In a repo, the coupon is immediately passed on to the security vendor. If interest rates are positive, the pf redemption price should be higher than the original PN selling price. Pension transactions are generally considered safe investments, as the security in question serves as collateral, which is why most agreements involve U.S. Treasury bonds. Considered an instrument of the money market, a pension purchase contract is indeed a short-term loan, guaranteed by security and an interest rate. The buyer acts as a short-term lender, the seller as a short-term borrower. The securities sold are the guarantees.
This will help achieve the objectives of both parties, namely the guarantee of financing and liquidity. Pension transactions are generally considered to be a reduction in credit risk. The biggest risk in a repo is that the seller does not maintain his contract by not repuring the securities he sold on the due date.